State private land

Where I’d Rather Be: Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. Photograph by Jens Schott Knudsen. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0.

Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. Photo by Jens Schott Knudsen, taken on 29 November 2010. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0.

State private land is all property that belongs to the state but does not have a public interest value.1 It is defined as land that is neither state public land nor legally privately or collectively owned or possessed under the Land Law of 2001.2 Any land that is not private land or does not have a public interest is de facto state private land.3

Rights over state private land are alienable,4 and as such can be allocated for economic land concessions (ELCs), social land concessions (SLCs), and other concessions. However, all state private land must be registered in the state inventory database in order to be transferable.5 Private state land may be reclassified as state public land by sub-decree.6

State private land has been granted in significant quantities to private entities in the form of land concessions. The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry reported than 1.2 million hectares of land had been granted as economic land concessions;7 however, some NGOs estimate that the number is closer to 2 million hectares.8 Concessions, intended to promote development in Cambodia, have raised serious concerns ranging from human rights issues to deforestation and natural resource overexploitation.9

Related to state private land

Last updated: 1 November 2015


  1. 1. Sub-decree No.129 on Rules and Procedures for Reclassification of State Public Properties and Public Entities (2005), Article 3.
  2. 2. Ibid.
  3. 3. Land Law 2001, Article 12.
  4. 4. Ibid., Article 17.
  5. 5. Ibid.
  6. 6. Ibid.
  7. 7. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Economic Land Concessions: Overview. Accessed July 3, 2015.
  8. 8. ADHOC. 2013. “A turning point?: Land, housing and natural resources rights in Cambodia in 2012.”
  9. 9. Subedi, Surya P. 2012. “Report of the Special Rapportuer on the situation of human rights in Cambodia.” Human Rights Council, 21st Session, September 2012, 53.
Contact us

Contact us

Do you have questions on the content published by Open Development Cambodia (ODC)? We will gladly help you.

Have you found a technical problem or issue on the Open Development Cambodia (ODC) website?

Tell us how we're doing.

Do you have resources that could help expand the Open Development Cambodia (ODC) website? We will review any map data, laws, articles, and documents that we do not yet have and see if we can implement them into our site. Please make sure the resources are in the public domain or fall under a Creative Commons license.

File was deleted

Disclaimer: Open Development Cambodia (ODC) will thoroughly review all submitted resources for integrity and relevancy before the resources are hosted. All hosted resources will be in the public domain, or licensed under Creative Commons. We thank you for your support.

* The idea box couldn't be blank! Something's gone wrong, Please Resubmit the form! Please add the code correctly​ first.

Thank you for taking the time to get in contact!