Open Development Cambodia (ODC) has successfully archived our old site on the address: http://archive.opendevelopmentcambodia.net. The address https://opendevelopmentcambodia.net is now used for the “only official website” of Open Development Cambodia (ODC) deployed with newly enhanced features, functionalities, and refreshing presentation.

Non-renewable energy production

Diesel generator. Photo by Hiroo Yamagata, taken on 10 November 2009. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic.

Diesel generator. Photo by Hiroo Yamagata, taken on 10 November 2009. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.

Non-renewable energy sources are chiefly fossil fuels such as coal, diesel, oil and gas.

They provide much of Cambodia’s locally-produced electrical supply – according to the Electricity Authority Cambodia’s 2016 annual report, coal’s contribution to energy production went from 28 percent in 2014 to 47 percent in 2015.1

These fuels are likely to remain significant sources of electricity generation for many years. This comment appears in the National Strategic Development Plan 2014–2018:

To meet the demand for electricity across the whole country, the Ministry of Mines and Energy will promote the exploration of energy sources such as hydropower, natural gas, and coal for the electricity generation.”2

Coal

According to Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC), the electricity generated by coal power plants in Cambodia increased from 168.75 million kWh in 2013 to 863.02 million kWh in 2014.3 The production rise is due to the full operation of the 200MW coal-fired power plant by Cambodian Energy Limited, and the first-phase operation of coal-fired power plant by C.I.I.D.G. Erdos Hongjun Electric Power Co. Ltd.4

The coal power plants that are operating, include:

  • A 13MW plant in Kandal province: this project was commissioned from Sovanna Phum Investment Co. Ltd in 2008 and has an installed capacity of 13MW.5
  • A 100MW power plant in Preah Sihanouk province: the project has been implemented by Cambodian Energy Limited. The first phase was opened in 2014.6
  • A 240MW coal-fired power plant in Preah Sihanouk province: the project is implemented by C.I.I.D.G. Erdos Hongjun Electric Power Co. Ltd.7

The coal power plants that are under construction include:8

  • A 240MW plant in Preah Sihanouk province: the project is being implemented by C.I.I.D.G. Erdos Hongjun Electric Power Co. Ltd. The first phase of the project became operational in 2014.
  • A 135MW plant in Preah Sihanouk province: the project is being implemented by C.I.I.D.G. Erdos Hongjun Electric Power Co., Ltd. The project is scheduled to become operational in 2017.

However, Cambodia’s coal reserves are not yet being commercially mined and so the country relies on imported coal supply. For example, the coal-fired plant in Preah Sihanouk province imports coal from Indonesia.9

Diesel

The international NGO REEEP (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership) estimates that there are approximately 200 diesel mini-grids in Cambodia. They often face very high production costs due to inefficient fossil-fuel powered generators and the poor design of distribution systems.10

The government sees a role for larger-scale diesel generation of electricity in Cambodia. In 2012 Suy Sem, Minister of Mines and Energy, was reported in The Phnom Penh Post as saying:

We encourage the building of giant electricity companies such as diesel-fuelled generators, hydropower dams and coal plants in order to reduce the high price of electricity that small-scale generators charge in rural areas.11

Oil and gas

Oil and gas have been found on Cambodian territory, but no commercial extraction has begun. All the petroleum products Cambodia needs are imported. Estimated consumption of refined petroleum products is 47,490 barrels per day.12;13

For exploration of oil and gas there are six offshore blocks, nineteen onshore blocks and four blocks in an overlapping claims area contested with Thailand. Maps can be viewed here.

Cambodia has no refinery with the capacity to deal with the oil and gas that may be extracted, although in early 2015 the Cambodia Petroleum Company confirmed its $2.3 billion oil refinery, to be built on 365 hectares across Kampot and Sihanoukville provinces, was in the early stages of construction.14

Last updated: 2 November 2016

Related to non-renewable energy production

References

Contact Form

Do you have a question that can help answer? We'll gladly help you

* The idea box couldn't be blank! * The email address is not valid!
ERROR!

Thank you for taking the time to get in contact!