Australian aid

Prime Minister of Australia, The Hon Anthony Albanese MP, and Prime Minister Hun ​Sen at Gala Dinner for ASEAN Heads of State/Government/Delegation and Spouses, dated 12 November 2022. Photo from Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Cambodia.

Cambodia and Australia established their diplomatic ties in 1952. The bilateral relations allow Cambodia to receive benefits and improvements by engaging in bilateral, regional, and strategic issues.1 The two nations have worked closely in defense and security, people-to-people, and trade and investment.2 They have also cooperated in many regional and global fora, including East Asia Summit, ASEAN Regional Forum, and Asia-Europe Meeting.3

Development cooperation and aid in Cambodia

Australia’s aid program aims for greater prosperity in Cambodia and the reduction of poverty in the region. Australia expressed its commitment to supporting Cambodia’s development by implementing foreign, trade, and aid policies through Aid Investment Plan 2015-2018. The investments focused on three goals: (1) improving access to infrastructure, (2) increasing agricultural productivity, and (3) improving health and education.4

According to the 1st Senior Officials’ Talks between Cambodia and Australia on 16-17 September 2019, Australia will further support the development in Cambodia through Aid Investment Plan 2020-2024. The plan aimed to promote three key objectives, including sustainable and inclusive public services, resilient and inclusive economic growth, and efficient and transparent public policy-making process.5 Australia has completed a lot of development initiatives contributing to the country’s development6 by collaborating with the government, civil society groups, and development organizations in Cambodia.7 

Refugees settlement in Cambodia

The Hon. Scott Morrison and His Excellency Sar Kheng signed the Memorandum of Understanding, dated 26 September 2014. Photo from The Sydney Morning Herald.

On 26 September 2014, His Excellency Sar Kheng, Cambodian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for the Interior, and The Hon. Scott Morrison, Australian Minister for Immigration and Border Protection, signed a bilateral Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on the settlement of refugees in Cambodia. Australia would offer settlement and support to refugees based on a voluntary basis and the Refugees Convention by bearing the arrangement's direct costs and providing capacity building.8 As part of the MOU, Australia planned to provide an additional $40 million in the next four years for development projects9 targeting agriculture, land mine clearance, and electoral reform activities.10

Response to COVID-19 in Cambodia

Australia has played a crucial role in helping Cambodia respond to the pandemic. Australia has supported Cambodia in transforming into a more resilient and inclusive middle-income nation by pivoting, expanding, and implementing existing initiatives and investing in new initiatives related to the response and recovery of Cambodia from the pandemic. In collaboration with many actors in Cambodia, such as the government, civil society, and the private sector, Australia has also addressed the pandemic's negative economic and social impacts to protect the citizens.11

Australian Ambassador to Cambodia, H.E. Pablo Kang, said that “Australia has been trying to respond to the Cambodian Government and Cambodian people’s needs of managing Covid from the health security, social stability and security, and economic recovery perspectives”.12

On 17 September 2022, Cambodia-Australia Partnership for Resilient Economic Development (CAP-RED) was launched by Senator The Hon Tim Ayres, Australian Assistant Minister for Trade and Assistant Minister for Manufacturing, and H.E. Vongsey Vissoth, Minister attached to the Prime Minister and Permanent Secretary of State of the Ministry of Economy and Finance. CAP-RED is a five-year partnership and new Australian development program worth AUD 87 million, focusing on three pillars: agriculture and agro-processing, trade and investment, and infrastructure services. It aims to respond to the economic recovery in Cambodia after COVID-19 by building on the two completed initiatives, including Cambodia-Australia Agricultural Value Chain (CAVAC) and Investing in Infrastructure (3i) programs.13

Related to Australian aid

References

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