Open Development Cambodia (ODC) is conducting a survey to assess the impacts of its activities on the development of Cambodia.The results of this survey will teach ODC insights in how it can provide the Cambodian public better development contributions.
If you know ODC, we encourage you to participate in this survey.
Your participation will remain completely anonymous. The results of this survey will be made public once the assessment is completed.


Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association and Free Trade Union of Workers of the Kingdom of Cambodia celebrated the  World Teacher Day from Cambodia. Photo by Education International, taken on 5 October 2009. Licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association and Free Trade Union of Workers of the Kingdom of Cambodia celebrated the World Teacher Day from Cambodia. Photo by Education International, taken on 5 October 2009. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

Cambodia’s national budget determines state expenditures and revenues. It is the most important policy tool for the government to address the needs of people. Under the guidance of the prime minister, the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) is responsible for budget preparation around the government’s plans and strategies, such as the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP), in the pursuit of economic growth, social development and poverty reduction.

By law, parliament does not have any responsibility in budget planning but it plays a vital role in the discussion and approval of the draft budget law. According to the 1993 Law on Financial System, the government needs to submit the draft budget to the National Assembly and Senate for discussion and approval. The National Assembly checks, analyzes and debates the proposed budget before adopting it. The adopted budget law is then sent to the Senate. Finally, the King promulgates it into law.1

Preparation of the draft budget law involves the following processes2:

  • Stage 1: Strategic planning for budget (March–May)
  • Stage 2: Preparation of budget packages (June–September)
  • Stage 3: Approval of budget (October–December)

In October 2019, Cambodian cabinet ministers approved a draft budget for 2020 of US$7.58 billion.3 The planned budget represents approximately 26 percent of GDP.

The 2019 budget was $6.79 billion4 and the 2018 budget, $6.02 billion.5 The 2017 budget was $5.04 billion;6 2016, $4.3 billion;7 2015, US$3.8 billion.8 

The budget deficit (where expenditure is higher than income) has declined significantly in recent years as a result of a strong move to effective tax collection. The overall budget deficit in 2018 was estimated to be around 1 percent of GDP. Government revenues grew at 16.4 percent in 2018 while total expenditure grew by 13.7 percent.9

In its survey in 2015, International Budget Partnership ranked Cambodia’s budget transparency nearly at the bottom of the 102 countries examined.  Civil society and public involvement in the budget process is limited. The International Budget Partnership’s survey found that Cambodia’s budget transparency was low, scoring 15 out of a possible 100 points in 2013.10

In its 2017 survey Cambodia scored 20 out of 100 – still a comparatively low score, but an improvement over earlier years. In terms of allowing public participation, Cambodia scores lower than Vietnam or Thailand, but above Myanmar. It found that the legislature provides only limited oversight, but it found that the supreme audit institution provides adequate oversight – better than the limited oversight it found in 2015.11  

Related to budget 

Last updated: 30 October 2019


Contact us

Contact us

Do you have questions on the content published by Open Development Cambodia (ODC)? We will gladly help you.

Have you found a technical problem or issue on the Open Development Cambodia (ODC) website?

Tell us how we're doing.

Do you have resources that could help expand the Open Development Cambodia (ODC) website? We will review any map data, laws, articles, and documents that we do not yet have and see if we can implement them into our site. Please make sure the resources are in the public domain or fall under a Creative Commons license.

File was deleted

Disclaimer: Open Development Cambodia (ODC) will thoroughly review all submitted resources for integrity and relevancy before the resources are hosted. All hosted resources will be in the public domain, or licensed under Creative Commons. We thank you for your support.

* The idea box couldn't be blank! Something's gone wrong, Please Resubmit the form! Please add the code correctly​ first.

Thank you for taking the time to get in contact!